Today, the Church honors Saint Apollinaris, the illustrious second century Bishop of Hierapolis-Phrygia. The great Church historian, Eusebius, and St. Jerome, both acknowledge him as a great apologist famous for his treatises against the heresies of his day, showing the error of the heresies to be borrowed from the pagans. Most unfortunately, his writings cannot be found, and only some extracts of his writings are available.
He lived during the time of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. In or about 177, he addressed a defense of Christianity to the emperor, the Apologia, who shortly before this defense, had obtained an important victory over the Quadi, a people inhabiting the country which is now called Moravia.
By way of background, one of the emperor’s legions, the twelfth legion, was composed primarily of Christians. The army began to perish because of the lack of water. Accordingly, the Christian soldiers fell upon their knees and invoked…
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